The Tree Pipit looks very similar to the Meadow Pipit. There are, however, subtle differences in appearance:
1. The Tree Pipit's streaking on the flanks is noticeably finer than on the breast, whereas the Meadow Pipit's streaking on the flanks is just as heavy as on the chest;
2. The Tree Pipit's bill is much heavier, with a pinkish base, whereas the Meadow Pipit's bill is slender with a yellowish base;
3. The Tree Pipit has a short and curved hind claw, whereas the Meadow Pipit has a long and almost straight hind claw;
4. The Tree Pipit has a slightly more elongated shape than the Meadow Pipit.
Other important differences are:
5. The Tree Pipit is a true summer visitor in Europe, which in winter stays in sub-Saharan Africa; The Meadow Pipit stays in Europe throughout the year;
6. Singing Meadow Pipits usually fly up and parachute back down to the ground while Tree Pipits usually sing from the tops of trees and parachute down into them instead of to the ground;
7. The song of a Tree Pipit is more melodious, louder and fuller.
Top: Naardermeer, Naarden, The Netherlands, 26 April 2014
Left: De Paltz, Soesterberg, The Netherlands, 23 June 2019
Middle & Right: Bargerveen Nature Reserve, Emmen, The Netherlands, 15 May 2018
Last: Grotelse Heide, Bakel, The Netherlands, 16 July 2018