The taxonomy of this bird is still somewhat contentious.
Some describe as many as five distinct species; others consider some or all of these to be subspecies.
Some refer to the name Black-winged Stilt as the old world nominate species (Himantopus himantopus) and to the name Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) as the species occuring in the Americas.
The head and neck of the Black-winged Stilt may vary from all-white to white with an all-black cap and hindneck.
Males have a black back, often with greenish gloss.
Females' backs are more brown.
Juveniles are paler than the adult, with washed grey-brown crown and rear neck.
Their brownish upperparts show narrow pale buff fringes, and their legs are duller.
1st, 2nd & 3rd photo: Naardermeer, Naarden, The Netherlands, 2 May 2021
4th & 5th photo: Nature Reserve Marickenland, Wilnis, The Netherlands, 9 April 2021