The Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) is a small gull that breeds in much of Europe and Asia, and also in coastal eastern Canada.
As a rule, adult gulls attain their adult plumage and reach sexual maturity in two to five years, depending on the species.
Juvenile gulls do not look like their parents, but instead have a distinctive streaked brown plumage.
Over the years their plumage changes from brown to, usually, white or white-blue.
In general, males average larger than females and have slightly to distinctly bigger bills and larger heads.
The Black-headed Gull takes two years to reach maturity.
In summer plumage, adults have a dark brown partial hood, white eye arcs, red legs and a red bill.
in winter, the hood in absent and is replaced by a dark spot behind the eye.
First-year birds have a black tail band, more dark areas in the wings, and, in summer, a less fully developed dark hood.
Usually, birds in their second calendar year have orange legs.
However, some Black-headed Gulls retain orange or orange-red legs (and bills) into adulthood.
Birds with adult plumage and orange legs are mostly second-years, but some may be in their third or subsequent years.
Lake Geneva, Evian, Haute-Savoie, France, 10 March 2019